Timeline

1859
The Battle of Solferino

1862
‘A Memory of Solferino’ published

1863
First meeting of the ‘Committee of Five’ (Now the International Committee of Red Cross)
Red Cross emblem adopted by a non-governmental international conference Creation of National Committees for Aid to the Wounded (Now National Societies)

1864
First use of the red cross emblem in war Diplomatic Conference: Signing of the first Geneva Convention – to protect wounded and sick soldiers and the medical personnel who assist them

1867
The first International Conference of Relief Societies for the Military Wounded (Now the International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent)

1870
Founding of the British Red Cross The first International Prisoners of War Agency (Now the Central Tracing Agency)

1876
The first use of the red crescent as a protective emblem

1899
A new Convention (An adaptation of the first Geneva Convention) to protect wounded, sick and shipwrecked sailors and the medical personnel who assist them

1919
Founding the League of Red Cross Societies (Now the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies)

1924
Founding of the British Junior Red Cross (Now British Red Cross Youth)

1929
Signing of a Geneva Convention to protect prisoners of war Formal recognition of the red crescent as a protective emblem

1949
The four Geneva Conventions 1949 – revision of the three existing Conventions protecting wounded and sick soldiers; wounded, sick and shipwrecked sailors; and prisoners of war plus new Convention protecting civilians

1957
The UK Geneva Conventions Act

1965
First proclamation of the Fundamental Principles

1977
Signing of the two Protocols additional to the Geneva Conventions of

1986
The organization becomes the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

1991
The League becomes the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

1998
UK Ratification of the Additional Protocols of 1977

June 20, 2006
Adoption of Red Crystal